Renal Failure in Seniors: Prevention, Diet and Medication Options
Prevention of renal failure:
In order for an elderly person to preserve the quality of life for as long as possible and avoid the rapid death of renal tissue, it is necessary to:
Drink at least 1.5 liters of fluid in the form of water per day.
Control your blood pressure, keeping it at a level not higher than 139/89 mm Hg.
Control sugar levels.
Follow a timely treatment of inflammatory diseases, as they predispose to the development of amyloidosis.
Preventative measures may include:
treatment of an infectious disease;
an introduction of antibiotics – if there is purulent inflammation (including kidney);
removal of kidney stones in the form of emergency surgery or urine excretion by kidney puncture followed by preoperative preparation;
diuretics such as Veroshpiron, Uregit, and their combination with small amounts of furosemide may also be prescribed to increase the volume of urine in the body.
Diet and Regimen:
In acute renal failure, bed rest is often recommended. With chronic, sparing may be advised, i.e., you need to avoid physical exertion and hypothermia.
The diet needs to be as follows:
Protein restriction in case of chronic deficiency, while in acute renal failure, you need to completely exclude them from your diet. Proteins should be in the form of meat and eggs, but not fish and dairy products.
Sweets must also be excluded from your diet.
Fats – only vegetable (oils). Butter and fats need to be excluded.
The volume of daily urine must be at least 300-500 ml.
Salt must be limited to 5 g/day.
Such a diet is not observed all the time, but periodically. The duration of such a strict food regime should be set by the doctor.
Besides the fact that solutions are introduced into the vein (or as a drink), which allow the electrolyte metabolism to be brought to normal values, which by itself improves the functioning of the heart, other cardiac drugs may also be prescribed such as:
angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (at elevated pressure);
erythropoietin drugs that stimulate the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow.
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